Vaucanson was a famous French automata
builder. He was interested in what will be
artificial life. He presented in 1738 the
"Flute Player" a 1.50m automaton which really
played flute. The Duck could move his wings,
eat seeds and "digest" them.
Langton's loops are essentially a
Cellular Automaton. A loop has sheath and core
cells. Core cells contain and carry the
information necessary to the reproduction of a
whole loop. After some generations, a form of
Data is an android created by Dr.
Noonian Soong at the Omicron theta colony. He
is the most advanced alife object ever
constructed (except R. Daneel Olivaw
obviously). Its main default : doesn't
know what a feeling is.